IT Development

How fast is the Internet in the world?

The average speed of broadband continues to grow around the world, said the report Worldwide Broadband Speed League 2019. However, in Latin America, the situation is not very encouraging, and there is still a lot of work to be done. designed and compiled the research to measure the speed of connection in the world, gathered by M-Lab, an open source project where civil society, organizations, educational institutions, and private sector companies contribute.

Two hundred seventy-six million speed tests were taken to measure the speed by country in 207 countries around the world. This sample was 60% larger than the one made last year for the same study.

Why do some countries have better Internet than others?

Different factors influence the variation of connection speed in each country, according to the report.

For example, the economy of Taiwan – the country with the best connection in the world this year – depends too much on digital infrastructure, while the extension of this Asian island occupies a relatively small size.

This economic need, coupled with the fact that it is relatively easy to deliver a high-speed connection in a small area, has allowed Taiwan to develop an infrastructure that enables it to provide an average download speed of 82.02 Mbps, with which a 5GB movie can be downloaded in just eight minutes.

Taiwan improved thirteen positions compared to last year when its average speed was 28.09 Mbps. The increase in connection speed was due to the massive migration of ADSL to fiber optic.

In other countries, the cost of extending a high-speed digital infrastructure exceeds the economic benefit they can obtain. This situation was the case of Chad, whose economy is mainly agricultural and has a vast territory. Investing in improving connectivity would exceed its Gross Domestic Product.

The speed increases worldwide

After measuring the connection speed of 207 countries over 12 months, concluded that the speed of the Internet had improved worldwide.

From 2016 to 2017, the average speed was 7.40 Mbps. The connection speed increased 23.35% the following year, and this year it grew 20.65% concerning the previous year again, reaching an average download speed of 11.03 Mbps.

However, the study points out that the countries that contributed most to the increase in the world average broadband speed were the developed nations that already have high-speed technology and broad coverage, but improved it in the last year. On the other hand, the countries that were half of the bottom of the ranking had little development in recent years.

The countries in the top 100 of the ranking improved their average speed by 25.63%, while half of the bottom only enhanced by 23.76%, promoting the increase of a digital divide.

Latin American countries, far from a prominent development

In the global ranking of Internet connection, no Latin American country managed to sneak into the top 50.

The Cayman Islands, a British overseas territory, has the best connection in the region, with a download speed of 16.12 Mbps. Venezuela is at the bottom, with an average speed of 1.37 Mbps.

Most of the countries in the region are in the middle of the world ranking, avoiding the last 40 places, but also without having a representative in the first 40 places.

As for the leading Latin American economies, both Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, and Chile fell in this year’s study. Mexico went from place 85 to 98, although its average download speed improved slightly from 5.69 Mbps to 6.02 Mbps. Colombia lost 17 seats to be placed in position 131, with an average speed of 3.48 Mbps.

The cases of Chile and Argentina were the most dramatic. These southern cone nations lost 32 and 33 positions respectively, and the average download speed worsened in both cases. Chile was ranked 124th with a connection speed of 3.89 Mbps, while Argentina fell to 149th with a broadband speed of 2.83 Mbps.

On the other hand, Brazil advanced 22 places in the study, going from 2.58 Mbps to 4.84 Mbps, which places it in 111th place worldwide.

Improve connectivity in Latin America, an unfulfilled promise

Improving Internet connectivity in the region has been one of the commitments of Latin American governments that has become difficult to fulfill.

In Mexico, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador pledged to improve connectivity with an alliance with Facebook to bring satellite internet to the most remote regions of the country.

Recently, Telefónica and América Móvil teamed up to connect Guatemala and Chile by submarine cable.

Juan Ketterer, head of the Connectivity, Market and Finance division of the Inter-American Development Bank, believes that Latin America’s coverage is limited, expensive and of poor quality due, in part, to the lack of a legal framework that gives certainty to the companies and the lack of clarity in the distribution of the radio spectrum.

The IADB analyst suggests modernizing the regulatory frameworks of the region, making more significant public investment in strategic areas such as international connections and financing infrastructure investments with public-private partnerships.

If the connectivity of the region cannot be improved, the gap between Latin America and the developed countries threatens to expand more and more.


Huawei comes back: Trump allowed US companies to make business with it

At the G-20 summit, US President Donald Trump met with the president of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping intending to advance in the solution of the trade conflict that both countries have maintained since last year.

As one of the results of this meeting, Donald Trump stated that his government would allow US companies to sell products to Huawei, a Chinese technological giant that was banned last May by the White House.

“We sell a tremendous amount of products to Huawei,” said Donald Trump after the meeting with Xi Jinping.

A breath for Huawei

This news will be a relief for the company led by Ren Zhengfei, who a few weeks ago told the press that Huawei’s phone sales fell 40% outside of China after the sanction imposed by the United States government.

Ren Zhengfei also commented that Huawei’s production would be reduced by $ 30B, one third less than in 2018.

“In 2021 we will recover our vitality to serve humanity,” said the Huawei CEO before the announcement by the president of the United States.

US companies affected by Huawei ban

But the veto that Donald Trump imposed on Huawei affected not only the Chinese company but also an entire industry that has the Chinese manufacturer as one of its main customers.

Micron Technology, which sells memory chips, said it had lost $ 200M for the veto. Huawei represents 13% of its sales.

Broadcom, a producer of cellphone chips, also reported that the ban on Huawei reduces its sales forecast by $ 2B. This company has sold one billion dollars in electronic components to Huawei only in this fiscal year.

Semtech, developer of chips for smartphones and optical components for communications, says the Chinese company accounted for 16% of its revenues last year.

The smaller companies are the most affected, such as the manufacturer of optical components NeoPhotonics. In 2018, 46% of this company’s revenues came from sales to Huawei.

In recent days, the technology industry in the United States expressed concern that the damage caused by Donald Trump’s policy is irreversible due to the loss of confidence of Chinese companies towards American distributors, who could redouble their efforts to design their own chips or to buy from neighboring countries such as Japan, South Korea or Taiwan.

Walden Rhines, executive director emeritus of Mentor, a unit of Siemens, said for the New York Times that “the United States runs the risk of becoming the seller of last resort for China.”

Income from intellectual property, also at risk

The development of the intellectual property has also been at risk due to Trump’s veto. In 2018, Huawei paid more than $ 6B in royalties to take advantage of the intellectual property of other companies, of which 80% were American firms, as the company mentioned in the document “Respecting and Protecting Intellectual Property: The Foundation of Innovation,” published this week.

Now, American companies have also lost the confidence that their Chinese partners had for the development of new products, as has been the case of Efficient Power, a company that makes chips with the same semiconductor used for LED lights.

This company, which aspired to obtain 80% of its income from China, has had to face a new problem with its customers, who continue to buy their products, but prefer not to ask for chips with technical specifications that can create a dependency relationship to long term with the company.

Intellectual property should not be politicized

Song Liuping, legal director of Huawei, expressed a few days ago his concern about the politicization of intellectual property:

“Intellectual property is the cornerstone of innovation, and its politicization represents a threat to global progress.”

Song warned that if intellectual property is used as a political weapon, confidence in the patent protection system will be at risk. The executive also mentioned that “If some governments selectively block the way for companies in intellectual property issues, they will negatively impact global innovation.”

Song recalled that in the past 30 years, no court has found Huawei guilty of intellectual property theft. These statements are a response to US allegations that blame Huawei for corporate and political espionage.

Huawei, a player that promotes innovation

Song Liuping stressed the vital role that Huawei has played in innovation. At the end of 2018, the company reached 87 805 patents, 11 152 of these are used in the United States. The company’s legal director emphasized Huawei’s commitment to “share our technology with the world. That includes 5G and American businesses and consumers. Together, we can make our industry advance and develop the technology that we all need. “

Huawei owns 20% of the patents that revolve around the 5G network. These patents, which are about 2 570, include chips, terminals, and infrastructure. The possible delay of the 5G network worldwide was one of the most mentioned consequences after the veto, but because of the weight that Huawei has in the development of new technologies, this technological delay can affect other industries, such as self-driving cars, as commented in United States media.

However, Huawei Technologies’ global vice president, Ken Hu, reaffirmed Huawei’s commitment to expanding 5G technology: “I can clearly say to everyone that in the 5G issue we will not be affected at all, neither in the contracts that we have signed or in which we are going to sign”.

At the Mobile World Congress in Shanghai, the executive mentioned how the technology giant has managed to sign 50 commercial contracts for 5G, 28 of them in Europe, 11 in the Middle East, 6 in the Asia Pacific, 4 in America and 1 in Africa.

Donald Trump’s announcement at the G20 summit, allowing US companies to sell again to Huawei, puts an essential piece of telecommunications innovation back on the board. However, tension and uncertainty still do not disappear. Trump refused to say that he would remove the blacklisted company from the US Treasury’s list.

IT Development

Google showed tools for education in Philadelphia

Google is present at the event of the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE), which takes place in Philadelphia, USA.

ISTE is a global community of educators who believe in the power of technology to transform learning. The event in Philadelphia is the largest in this organization. Thousands of educators will gather in the North American city to share their experiences in the use of technology to improve education.

In this event, Google presented applications and integrations developed to improve learning and make it more accessible for students. These tools seek to improve diverse student skills, in addition to meeting special needs, according to Rachel Cai, director of the Google for Education business development program.

The tools presented by Google are available in G Suite and the Chromebook. Each app has been improved thanks to the feedback of the students and teachers who use them. Among the objectives of these applications is to make learning more inclusive, according to Rachel Cai.

  • Capti Voice: This app was designed for students with vision loss, dyslexia, ADD, or motor problems. This application reads books and web pages to students, in addition to translating passages and words from more than 100 languages.
  • Crick Software: One of the first applications of augmented and alternative communication. Crick software helps students who have speech or writing problems with fragments of words that help them create sentences.
  • Scanning pens: A scan pen called ReaderPen reads aloud to students who need extra reading support. Students scan directly to a Google Doc, in addition to uploading the audios to a Chromebook or Android.

“We are also working on an app focused on cultivating a personalized learning environment, improving organization and optimizing tasks,” said Rachel Chai, introducing some partners that expand the functions of G Suite, Google Classroom and Chromebook, features on the Chromebook. Hub App

  • Seesaw: It is an application with creative tools optimized for students with Chromebooks. Students can select files, write them down and cure them, and share them with teachers so that they can verify their learning.
  • Backpack for Google Drive by Amplified Labs: Students can heal and save digital materials for learning.
  • Kahoot! allows you to create, share, and play educational games or riddles in minutes. One of the attractive features of Kahoot! is the ease of registering and joining Google Classroom, so that teachers can easily share challenges with their students.

These tools are part of the Google for Education Technology Partner Program. This program gives developers access to technical support, marketing, and branding, as well as being able to participate in Google initiatives such as credits for cloud services for start-up or scholarships for developers.

For developers who have a product that can be integrated into Google for Education, you can see the options that the program has, while people searching for applications to improve the classroom experience can join the App Hub community.

IT Development

Hackathon in Creative Digital City of Guadalajara

On June 28 and 29 Talent Network will organize a hackathon in the Creative Digital City, in the downtown area of Guadalajara.

The hackathon aims to reactivate the downtown of the city while promoting innovation and retaking the facilities of the abandoned Creative City.

In April, the government of Jalisco announced in the Talent Land that it would continue the Digital Creative City project, which began at the end of Felipe Calderón’s administration (2012) to turn Guadalajara into a global tech-hub.

The Creative Digital City, located around the Morelos Park, sought to recover an area where poverty and prostitution increase to become a center where creative agencies were in contact with the digital industry to promote cooperation, networking, and innovation.

Currently, the complex is far from meeting this expectation. The Secretary of Innovation, Science and Technology of Jalisco, Alfonso Pompa Padilla, previously commented to El Informador that the Digital Creative City does not have finished buildings and does not have the ideal structure to function as planned.

The government of Enrique Alfaro undertook to correct the mistakes of the project and revive it. This hackathon is the first step to achieve this goal and will be the first of two more to be carried out in August and September.

Coding to improve mobility and turism in Guadalajara

On this occasion, there will be two tracks for the hackathon: mobility and tourism.

The transport of Jalisco has been a pending problem for several administrations. In 2012, the government did not know how many transportation routes existed in the state. The government of Aristóteles Sandoval made commitments to improve the service with the incorporation of new units and automatic payments, but for some specialists such as the researcher of the Research Center for Environment and Territorial Planning of UdeG, Adriana Olivares González, the government threw the towel.

On the “Mi Movilidad” (My Mobility) track, participants should look for solutions to improve city traffic and the safety of transportation.

In terms of tourism, Guadalajara has been left behind in part due to the lack of a broad cultural offer and remodeling works in areas such as the Paseo Alcalde.

In the track “Revive el corazón de la Ciudad” (Relive the heart of the city), the participants will create applications to promote the cultural and tourist offers of the center of Guadalajara to reactivate tourism in the area.

The hackathon expects the participation of more than 500 young people who will form teams of two to five people. Each side will have the mentoring of specialists and officials from each branch. For each track, the prize will be 25 thousand pesos. The registration to the event is from the Talent Network page.


Key points about Libra, the cryptocurrency of Facebook

Facebook today published a 29-page white paper with details about the Libra Project.

Mark Zuckerberg’s company has worked with other companies and organizations to create a stable and secure cryptocurrency that allows international payments without generating a high cost to its users. This cryptocurrency was referred to in several media as “GlobalCoin” before its official name was revealed on June 18: Libra.

In a report, Facebook details what Libra is and how it will work. In this document, the white paper compares the current banking system with the communications system of a few decades ago, where sending an international message was slow and costly. Now, communication is instantaneous and free.

Why use a cryptocurrency?

Libra’s white paper points out how, for the population with fewer resources, financial costs tend to be more expensive. Many people without financial services say that fees are often expensive, do not have enough funds or lack the necessary documentation to open a bank’s account.

The document published by Facebook recognizes how blockchain and cryptocurrency create new possibilities to solve accessibility and trust problems. “These include distributed governance (which ensures that no single entity controls the network), open access (so that anyone with an internet connection can participate) and security through cryptography (to protect the integrity of the funds),” notes in the report.

Why create a new cryptocurrency?

For those who promote the Libra Project, despite the advantages offered by popular cryptocurrencies, these digital currencies still have several drawbacks to be adopted among more people due to “volatility and lack of scalability.”

Libra aims to solve the problems that popular cryptocurrencies have for their massive adoption. The report states that “The world needs a reliable digital currency and infrastructure that, together, can deliver on the promise of ‘the internet of money.'”

Three key points on how Libra will work

  1. Use a blockchain. Like other cryptocurrencies, Libra will use the blockchain technology to function, called Blockchain Libra. However, this will be a private blockchain that requires permission to participate in the validation nodes. The report points out that this situation would be temporary and that over time, the agencies want Libra to become a public blockchain where anyone who meets the technical requirements can participate.
  2. An asset reserve will back Libra. This feature has been one of the most controversial parts for the cryptocurrency community and one of the points that bitcoin critics have applauded. The value of Libra will be associated with a “basket of currencies” to avoid its volatility. For Jon Martindale of Digital Trends, this means that Libra can be affected by the same political problems that affect fiat currencies, unlike cryptocurrencies that tend to strengthen when fiat currencies depreciate.
  3. The Libra Association will control the currency. The cryptocurrency community also view this point with skepticism. “This goes completely against the idea of cryptocurrency, says Jon Martindale. The skeptics of the public blockchain applaud that it is centralized and even affirm that “blockchain only has the name,” like Nouriel Roubini, a famous economist.

Analysts like Jemima Kelly of the Financial Times point out that the blockchain Libra “is not a blockchain” because it is centralized, based on foreign exchange and has some variations in its structure.

An easy-to-program blockchain

The Libra blockchain was created from scratch to ensure its security and scalability. Likewise, it has been programmed with open code to allow the participation of everyone in the project.

The programming language that Libra will use is called Move. Move aims to be a flexible and safe language that can be used for transactions and smart contracts. Move uses a semantics inspired by linear logic. Although it is a language that has special protections, Move resources are ordinary programming values that can be stored as structured data or move from arguments to procedures.

The Libra core is available for those who want to become familiar with this programming language.

The assets of the reserve

The Libran currency will have a reserve of assets to support its value to maintain stability, low inflation, and global acceptance. These assets will consist of “bank deposits and short-term government securities in stable and reputable central bank currencies,” according to the report.

These assets do not eliminate currency fluctuations, but they help reduce volatility so that Libra users can rely on the value of the currency over time.

The profits generated by these assets will be used to cover the cost of infrastructure and pay dividends to the project’s investors. The report ensures that users of the currency will not receive any bonuses.

The members of the Libra Association

The Libra Association will be made up of a government like many non-profit associations, where each representative of a validation node will have one vote, and the decisions require two-thirds of the Association Council to be approved. This association will also administer the Libra reservation.

Among the founding members of the association are several organizations and companies of worldwide prestige in the area of payments, blockchain, economy, and financial inclusion. This is the list presented in the white paper:

  • Payments: Mastercard, PayPal, PayU (Naspers’ fintech arm), Stripe, Visa
  • Technology and markets: Booking Holdings, eBay, Facebook / Calibra, Farfetch, Lyft, Mercado Pago, Spotify AB, Uber Technologies, Inc.
  • Telecommunications: Iliad, Vodafone Group
  • Blockchain: Anchorage, Bison Trails, Coinbase, Inc., Xapo Holdings Limited
  • Venture capital: Andreessen Horowitz, Breakthrough Initiatives, Ribbit Capital, Thrive Capital, Union Square Ventures
  • Non-profit organizations, multilateral organizations, and academic institutions: Creative Destruction Lab, Kiva, Mercy Corps, Women’s World Banking.

Among the founders, the payment system used by Mercado Libre, Mercadopago, stands out as a representative of Latin America. Also striking is the presence of two of the largest transport services companies: Lyft and Uber, as well as the inclusion of MasterCard, PayPal, and Visa in the founding council.

Facebook hopes to lead this association until its maturity and will look for more organizations to join the Libra association.

Reactions to the initiative

Doug Morgan, an analyst at JP Morgan, described the initiative as Facebook’s best idea so far and an opportunity for the company to diversify its business and its sources of revenue.

SunTrust analysts were more cautious and assured that the idea would take years for their adoption and to show their results.

In the cryptocurrency media, they were less optimistic and called Libra’s initiative “Disney Dollars for new world order.”


LatAm videogame companies in Indie Games Accelerator 2019

Thirteen Latin American videogame companies will participate in the Google Indie Games Accelerator 2019 program.

These companies were selected among 1700 applicants from 37 different countries in Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America.

The Indie Games Accelerator is a program for the best videogame startups in emerging markets looking to grow in Android. This program is a special edition of Launchpad Accelerator. The curriculum and tutorials of the program have been designed with Google Play and involved experts in mobile videogames.

In Latin America, the videogame industry has had a rapid expansion in recent years, with an annual growth of 16.1% that expects to reach a value of 10.23 billion dollars, according to estimates of Research On Global Markets. Latin America is the region where the videogame industry grows fastest.

Of the 30 developers selected for the Indie Games Accelerator, 13 are Latin American. Participants will meet at the Google Asia Pacific offices, located in Singapore.

These are the selected Latin American companies

1 Simple Game

With offices in Zapopan, Jalisco, 1 Simple Game was created with the premise of entertaining the world, developing incredible and fun experiences for players.

The company builds a sustainable business that can benefit the community. With video games, they have the opportunity to combine art, technology, programming, narrative, marketing, and sound design.

The company seeks to build a healthy ecosystem for a global audience, which serves as a benchmark for how Mexico and Latin America can compete in the international market.

Mucho Taco, by 1 Simple Game

Avix Games

In Avix Games, they enjoy creating games with characters, stories, and original mechanics, which can be distributed anywhere in the world. New technologies feed their curiosity and motivate them to explore new ways of playing.

Avix Games also offers outsourcing services for companies that need to develop video games. They solve the process of ideation, production, and development of videogames, combining design, marketing, and artistic approaches. In addition to developing videogames for web, mobile, PC, and RV, they develop facilities with less conventional technology and devices.

Making games is our favorite game.

Avix Games


Blyts is an independent entertainment company founded in 2008. They have worked in different technological areas, from web programming, mobile app development, and technical support. The specialty of Blyts is mobile video games.

The startup is considered a young team that is always on the move and does not mind trying to develop new technologies and styles that offer quality.

Nobodies, by Blyst

Mad Bricks

Mad Bricks is a video game company located in Bogoto, Colombia. They have developed intellectual property to generate a fast production value line. The development process seeks to achieve maximum efficiency and test both technical and creative skills.

Monomyto Studios

Monomyto is a company that develops video games for mobile platforms. His offices are in Campo Grande, Brazil. The Monomyto team was formed by three marketing professionals in Brazil who sought to take advantage of their experience to create high-quality, independent games that could entertain the whole world.

Monomyto has been successful and has received recognition from many websites and organizations around the world, including a prize for independent game developers in Seattle: the Indie Prize 2017. Monomyto is the first Brazilian company to receive this recognition.

Until Dead by Monomyto

Mum Not Proud

Mum Not Proud is a video game company based in Yucatan, Mexico. Baikoh is her first game, which consists of selecting letters that fall randomly on the screen to form words advancing in increasingly difficult levels. The founders of Mum Not Proud launched the company in 2016 and have received awards for business innovation.

Orube Games studio

Orube Games is an independent video game studio that focuses on the development of video games for different platforms. The company is in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Adventure LLama by Orube Games

Pixodust Games

From Sao Paulo, Brazil, Pixodust creates and distributes video games for casual and mid-core players. The startup seeks to improve its games continuously.

Pomelo Games

Pomelo Games is an independent videogame studio that started with a group of friends from Montevideo. They focus on creating games that are unique in the visual aspect.

Mars: mars by Pomelo Games
Mars: mars by Pomelo Games

Posibillian Tech

Posibillian Tech is in Asunción, Paraguay. This study seeks to provoke unique social experiences through technology and redefining entertainment. The most popular game of the company, Fhacktions, is a videogame based on geolocation where players participate in battles in real time.

Fhacktions by Posibillian Tech
Fhacktions by Posibillian Tech

Sandstorm Interactive

Founded in 2014, Sandstorm Interactive was born under the idea that independent companies also need to develop high-quality external services, despite the limited budget. With the expansion of mobile platforms in the world, everyone needs access to a world-class development.

The Sandstorm team in Buenos Aires gives that possibility to independent developers, with services focused on iOS, Android, PC, and PlayStation. The company is a leader in the development of video games in Argentina for Sony, with the necessary equipment to create video games for PSVita, PS4, and PS3.

Webcore Games

Webcore Games is a division of Webcore, an agency that has been operating since 1999. The startup develops exclusive games for brands or products, addressing the needs of its customers. The studio has experience working with agencies and companies of all kinds.

Widow Games

Widow Games develop video games based on classic board games with known dynamics. In this way, they solve the problem of “discovery”. As users are often familiar with these games, user acquisition is lower, and retention and organic growth are increased.

The studio obtains exclusive deals with companies in Latam to develop the best versions of these games with mechanics that have been played for generations and people know.

Widow Games

What is GlobalCoin, the new Facebook’s cryptocurrency?

Facebook has been building out its cryptocurrency for over a year. Facebook’s cryptocurrency will be governed by a consortium of firms known as the Libra Association, which includes the likes of Visa, Mastercard, and PayPal. The cryptocurrency, which will reportedly be called Libra, will be unveiled on June 18th. The Facebook coin, or GlobalCoin, is expected to be a stable coin tied to several major currencies and is also being lined up for usage in Facebook-owned messaging app, Whatsapp.

IT Development

What is a DDoS attack? Telegram explained it with an army of lemmings

Telegram, an instant messaging service, warned its users about possible connection issues this morning due to a “powerful DDoS attack,” but assured that personal data are safe.

Telegram gave the warning from its Twitter account and took advantage of the situation to explain in a very particular way what is a DDoS attack.

In a thread of six tweets, the company explained that a DDoS is a “Distributed Denial of Service Attack,” where servers receive “GADZILLONS of garbage requests” that prevent them from processing legitimate requests.

Telegram compared DDoS attacks as if “an army of lemmings just jumped the queue at McDonald’s in front of you – and each is ordering a whopper.” A whopper is a hamburger prepared by the McDonald’s competition, Burger King.

“The server is busy telling the whopper lemmings they came to the wrong place – but there are so many of them that the server can’t even see you to try and take your order,” said Telegram.

Lemmings use to move in large groups.

In a next tweet, Telegram explained that to generate these garbage requests, “bad guys use “botnets” made up of computers of unsuspecting users which were infected with malware at some point in the past. This makes a DDoS similar to the zombie apocalypse: one of the whopper lemmings might be your grandpa” the company said with humor.

Telegram assured its users that their data is safe. “All of these lemmings are there just to overload the servers with extra work – they can’t take away your BigMac and coke.”

Telegram is the third most used instant messaging application in Brazil, after WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger. In recent years it has lost ground in several countries and is no longer a leader in any, according to SimilarWeb.

IT Development

Google Launchpad AI Buenos Aires

Know the acceleration program for local startups created by Google for Latin America. In this program, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning play a crucial role to find innovative solutions.


Renewable energies in Latin America: betting on the future

The transition from fossil fuel to renewable energy is one of the objectives of sustainable development. In Latin America, several countries have shown their commitment in the energy transition with investments in this sector, making it one of the most dynamic regions in the matter, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency.

From 2011 to 2030, energy consumption in Latin America will have increased by 80%, due to the demographic increase, the greater adoption of electrical appliances and higher industrial demand. Central America will be the subregion with the most considerable increment in energy demand, by 120%.

Energy transition in LatAm: a must

This increase in energy demand will make the production of energy with fossil fuels untenable in the long term. These fuels are the leading causes of the rise of greenhouse gas emissions, representing 60%; they also produce land degradation, pollute the water, and contribute to the acidification of the ocean.

The cost of fossil fuels is higher than the investment to move to clean energy. Floods, fires, and droughts are one of the indirect consequences of their use. Food security is also at risk, and they harm health because of air pollution. The scenario makes it mandatory to adopt clean energies to represent 80% of energy sources in 2050.

In recent years, Latin American countries have adopted measures to achieve this transition. For example, since 2007, the production of wind energy has increased by five. However, despite advances, fossil fuels account for more than 75% of energy production in the region, while renewable energy does not exceed 1%.

Different governments have sustained the commitment of the transition. In the Report on the Global State of Renewables 2018 showed an increase in investments in the region. In the 2018 report, Brazil and Mexico were the countries that stood out, with a similar investment of 6 billion dollars in each one.

Without considering these two countries, the investment of the region was 13.4 billion dollars. Chile and Argentina were the countries where there was a greater increase in the investment of clean energy. Recently, Chilean President Sebastián Piñera announced a decarbonization plan, which aims to close 28 coal plants in the country by 2040, without impacting the consumer price. The Global Climatescope report noted that “Chile’s exceptional natural resources, stable government, and healthy economy make it attractive for investment in clean energy. The government has set ambitious long-term goals to add clean energy capacity and has begun to implement policies to foster an environment in which renewable projects are more competitive. ” Other Latin American countries are already more advanced in the transition. In Uruguay, 90% of its energy sources are renewable.

Still not enough investment in clean energies

The pace of the energy transition is not yet enough to meet the objective of avoiding an increase in the global average temperature of 1.5º C. In some cases, there are setbacks. In 2018 the energy produced with coal increased when it had been reduced in previous years, according to data from the World Economic Forum, while the growth of renewable energies worldwide stagnated, according to data from the International Energy Agency. In Mexico, the administration led by López Obrador has relegated the production of renewable energies and has increased the investment in thermoelectric plants that work with fossil fuels. Coal will be the energy that will receive the most investment, 10,416 million pesos, according to the director of the Federal Electricity Commission, Manuel Bartlett. This decision can only be explained by the influence of Armando Guadiana, president of the energy committee in the Senate and businessman with coal mines.

The slow transition and setbacks have aroused concern among the population. Activists, such as Greta Thunberg, have criticized the lack of reliable measures by governments to stop the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and younger generations are very concerned about the situation, to the point of organizing global demonstrations demanding more significant progress for fulfilling the Paris agreement. Green companies and innovations in clean energy have a broad field of long-term growth.

Activist Greta Thunberg has inspired a global movement against climate change.